Download PDF by Dana Simmons: Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

By Dana Simmons

What constitutes a necessity? Who will get to determine what humans do or do not have? In smooth France, scientists, either beginner undefined, have been engaged in defining and measuring human wishes. those scientists didn't belief in a providential economic system to distribute the end result of work and uphold the social order. really, they believed that social association may be actively directed in response to medical rules. They grounded their research of human wishes on quantifiable foundations: agricultural and physiological experiments, demographic reports, and statistics.

The outcome used to be the idea that of the "vital minimum"--the residing salary, a degree of actual and social wishes. during this e-book, Dana Simmons strains the historical past of this idea, revealing the intersections among applied sciences of dimension, akin to calorimeters and social surveys, and applied sciences of wages and welfare, resembling minimal wages, negative reduction, and welfare courses. In taking a look at how we outline and degree want, Vital Minimum increases profound questions on the authority of nature and the character of inequality.

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Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France by Dana Simmons

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