Download PDF by Benjamin A. Elman: Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China

By Benjamin A. Elman

in the course of China's past due imperial interval (roughly 1400-1900 CE), males collected through the thousands each or 3 years outdoors respectable exam compounds sprinkled throughout China. just one percentage of applicants could entire the tutorial routine that will earn them a submit within the administrative forms. Civil Examinations assesses the function of schooling, exam, and China's civil provider in fostering the world's first specialist type according to proven wisdom and skill.

Civil examinations have been instituted in China within the 7th century CE, yet within the Ming and Qing eras they have been on the middle of a fancy social net that held jointly the highbrow, political, and monetary lifetime of imperial China. neighborhood elites and the court docket sought to steer how the govt. regulated the classical curriculum and chosen civil officers. As a guarantor of academic advantage, examinations tied the dynasty to the privileged gentry and literati classes--both ideologically and institutionally.

China eradicated its classical exam approach in 1905. yet this conscientiously balanced, continuously contested piece of social engineering, labored out over centuries, was once an early harbinger of the meritocratic regime of school forums and different front assessments that undergirds better schooling in a lot of the realm today.

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Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China by Benjamin A. Elman

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